Farm forestry guides

How to plan, establish and manage trees on your farm

Farm forestry guides

This series of fact sheets gives you an introduction to plan, maintain and harvest plantations on your farm. They were developed by Private Forests Tasmania.

For more information or to get personalised advise about trees on your farm:

Sam Archer Chester Quamby plantation establishment tasmania

No. 1 - Selecting Species and Site

For best tree growth, climate and soil type should match the tree species in its natural environment. When selecting species, consider which markets exists and are within your ability to manage

No. 2 - Farm Shelter

High wind speeds and rain lead to chilling of livestock and physical damage to crops. Well placed and well managed shelterbelts can be used to increase agricultural productivity.

No. 3 - Plantation establishment timetable

Basic guidelines and timelines for the successful establishment of radiata pine on farmland.

No. 4 - Plan for tree planting

Before planting a tree, you should consider the effects it will have on your farm, its infrastructure and services. A plan is necessary regardless of the number of trees planted.

No. 5 - Plantation establishment summary

Plantation establishment includes site preparation, weed control, planting, fertilising, vermin control and re-planting. Establishment can take up to 12 to 18 months.

No. 6 - Site preparation

Clearing the site of previous vegetation, cultivating the soil and controlling weeds are important steps in preparing your site for tree planting.

No. 7 - Weed control

Weeds compete with trees for water, nutrients and light and can affect the growth of the tree and the profitability of plantations.

No. 8 - Planting

Planting stock may be raised as seedlings or cuttings. Seedlings are cheaper, but for best planting stock, seedlings should be forwn from genetically improved seed collected from a seed orchard.

No. 9 - Browsing damage to seedlings

Browsing damage by possums, wallabies, kangaroo, rabbit and deer can affect the growth rate and form of seedlings. Control of browsing animals is essential to successful plantation establishment.

No. 10 - Pests and disease

Trees can be severely damaged or killed by native and introduced pests and disease. Keep an eye on your trees by conducting regular inspections of forest areas.

No. 11 - Pruning

Pruning is the removal of branches from the main trunk of a tree to improve the quality and value of the timber product produced.

No. 12 - Thinning

Thinning is the selective removal of some trees from a stand and reduces competition for light, water and nutrients. Thinning can be either non-commerical or commerical.

No. 13 - Utilisation of farm grown wood

Farm forests have many uses including wood products (firewood, posts and poles, pulpwood, sawlogs, veneeer logs) livestock and crop shelter, tourism and aesthetics.

No. 14 - Tree species list

A list of tree species with the potential to grow in Tasmania including site requirements and other factors to form a guide to assist you match potential trees species to proposed tree planting sites.

Reducing the carbon footprint of Tasmanian dairying - 10 steps

Funding from the Tasmanian Climate Change Office is helping DairyTas identify ways to reduce the carbon footprint of dairying in Tasmania. This project involves research, case studies and extension activities. DairyTas is partnering with LIC and Private Forests Tasmania's Tree Alliance in the delivery of this project. Other project partners are assisting with specific topics.

Of particular interest to farm foresters is Step 8 - Keep cows comfortable and plant trees which discusses how trees on dairy farms is a win for carbon, animal welfare, biodiversity, plus economic benefits.

Dairy cows sheltered by trees at Brittons Swamp north west Tasmania
Dairy cows sheltered by trees